Skin is the protective shell and the largest body area of the human body. It protects us from penetration of pathogenic microorganisms, cold, heat and other influences. But while the child is small, his skin weakly performs protective functions, rather, she herself needs protection.
The skin of a baby is considered to be the standard of health and beauty, an ideal created by nature itself - it is tender to the touch, has an elastic and velvety surface. In a small child, the skin is very tender and sensitive, besides it is very thin and prone to drying, dehydration and infection with the slightest violation of hygiene, especially in the first months of life.
Skin covers of the baby are defenseless and vulnerable, can easily be damaged from external influences. This is due to the fact that the skin of the baby is very thin and does not yet have a protective layer, which is in adults. The skin of the child of the first year of life is subject to strong exposure to ultraviolet rays and temperature ch
In this article we will talk about the features of care for the sensitive skin of the baby, as well as the causes that cause changes on the skin of the child and how to eliminate them.
Skin care for a child
The main rule of skin care for a baby is the implementation of daily hygiene procedures. Up to six months of the child should be bathed every night before going to bed and wash several times a day. After six months you can bathe your baby every other day.
It is known that the skin of a baby is very sensitive and tender, so it is very important to take care of the choice of hygiene products for bathing. Choose shampoos and gels based on natural ingredients that do not cause allergic reactions. Do not forget that the means for bathing dry the skin. It is recommended to use them no more than twice a week.
For moisturizing the skin, you can use special children's creams and oils. But too often use these tools is also undesirable. Lubricate as needed, problem areas - wrinkles, affected or drying areas of the skin. You can use diaper cream with natural ingredients.
At the same time, to preserve the health of the baby's skin, air and sun baths are needed. Summer sunbaths are best taken under diffuse light in the shade of a tree or a lace tent made of tulle to protect the delicate skin from the negative effects of ultraviolet rays. Natural sunlight has a positive effect on the production of vitamin D in the child's body.
The tender skin of the baby requires a trembling treatment. Mom needs to monitor the length of their nails and the number of jewelry on their hands. Baby clothes should be made of natural fabrics and soft to the touch.
Improper nutrition can adversely affect the skin of a young child. During breastfeeding, mom should monitor her own diet, excluding from the diet products that can cause allergic reactions in the form of itching and rash on the skin.
The skin of a young child is very tender and vulnerable, it reacts to factors of external and internal effects by a wide variety of symptoms. Normally the skin of the toddlers should be smooth and without damage. The skin of a small baby is an indicator of his health. Below we describe the possible typical conditions of the skin of babies and the causes of their occurrence.
A rash in the skin of a child in the form of reddish dots may be a manifestation of sweating. Thus the kid becomes restless, capricious. For the prevention and treatment of sweating need to regularly take air baths. When bathing, add a decoction of chamomile into the water. Keep the temperature in the room at 20-22 degrees Celsius - this is the optimal temperature for the baby's skin.
An allergic skin rash in a baby breastfed can result from an improper diet of the mother. Also, an allergic reaction can cause cosmetic or hygiene products - cream, shampoo or washing powder. Use proven means of one brand. It is desirable that the package contains information on hypoallergenic properties.
If the child's skin is white with a clear marble pattern of small vessels, it is very likely that the baby has a disturbance in the activity of the autonomic nervous system. It is advisable to consult a pediatric neurologist. White skin in a child can be a sign of lack of iron or vitamins in the body, and often under the eyes there are darkening in the form of bruises.
If you find any changes on the skin of a child, do not rush to self-medicate. Lesions of the skin of babies can be so diverse that it is only an experienced specialist who can prescribe the correct diagnosis. Any kind of self-medication can be harmful and only aggravate the situation.
The reasons for the fact that the baby is cracking skin on his hands, can be very diverse. In the winter it can be banal airing due to cold and wind. In summer, the skin may crack as a result of the influence of ultraviolet rays, too hot or cold water. Also, the skin of a child may crack because of allergies to synthetics or wool, and even this may be a lack of certain trace elements in the body. Determine the true cause of this phenomenon can only be a doctor. To prevent the appearance of cracks, minimize possible harmful effects on the baby's skin.
Yellow skin in a child indicates an excess of bilirubin in the blood, which is most often observed in newborns immediately after birth. Bilirubin is the pigment of blood, which is the product of the breakdown of hemoglobin. Among newborns, icterus occurs in 80% of premature infants. Usually in the first two weeks of life in a child, the yellowness of the skin passes by itself. If this does not happen after two weeks, do not delay the visit to the doctor.