According to the plan of preventive vaccinations approved by the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, all children aged from birth to 14 years old should be vaccinated in the country. The purpose of this event is the creation of artificial immunity, which can protect children's body from severe forms of various infectious diseases.
Unprotected children are more often infected and are carriers of diseases. Refusal to carry out vaccination leads to epidemics of diphtheria, poliomyelitis and measles.
According to the Russian vaccination schedule, the vaccination starts from the first birthday of babies. Of course, if there are no contraindications.
Children under one year are expected to receive vaccinations against the following diseases:
Hepatitis. This dangerous disease can infect babies through saliva, blood, or through the placenta even in the prenatal period. Therefore, the vaccination against hepatitis is mandatory in the first 12 hours of the child's life. The second is carried out after 30 days, the third in 1 year. If the child is at risk, he will need additional vaccinations at 2 and 6 months.
- BCG. Necessary protection against tuberculosis that affects the lungs and other organs. To all children, who initially do not have immunity from him, the vaccine is made by the weakened strain of the vaccine on the third or fourth day. Of course, it is impossible to completely protect from infection with tuberculosis, but it is quite possible to avoid severe forms of this insidious disease.
- DTP. Integrated vaccination, called diphtheria-tetanus toxoid and whooping cough. The vaccine protects infants from life-threatening infectious diseases, which cause intoxication of the body and cramps of all muscle groups, including respiratory musculature. The first time it is held at 3 months, then at 4.5 and 6 months. For attenuated children, use is made of the ADA vaccine, without the pertussis component.
- Poliomyelitis. An infectious disease that affects the nervous system and can lead to disability( paralysis).The first inoculation is made in three months by an inactivated weakened vaccine. In 4,5 and 6 months it can be carried out together with DTP.
- Measles. Infectious disease, accompanied by high fever, cough, rash. Has dangerous complications in the form of pneumonia and meningitis. To avoid side effects from vaccination, it should be done no earlier than 12 months and only under condition of absolute health of the child .
- Parotite. The disease is dangerous for boys, since complications can lead to infertility. When vaccinating, it is better to give preference to the imported vaccine, which is easily transferred and at the same time protects against mumps, measles and rubella. Vaccination is carried out at 12 months.
- Hemophilus infection. This vaccine is given at 3 and 4, 5 months for children at risk.
Individual approach to vaccinations
The doctor determines the vaccine choice and the time of vaccination for children up to one year, individually. Only after studying the anamnesis, the existing diseases and the tolerability of the vaccinations already performed, is an individual program of mandatory vaccination compiled.
At the request of the parents, in addition to the state program, the baby can be vaccinated after 6 months from:
- chicken pox,
- pneumococcal and meningococcal infections,
- tick-borne encephalitis( seasonally).
In 1 year - from hepatitis A.
If you plan to travel abroad, especially in an exotic country, you should worry and get vaccinated against malaria, yellow fever and other tropical diseases.
Timely vaccination will allow your child to grow healthy!