Adenoids are pathologically enlarged nasopharyngeal tonsils, which interfere with nasal breathing and affect hearing loss. The most common adenoids in children aged 3 to 7 years. Their development is provoked by diseases that cause inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nasal cavity and tonsils( influenza, scarlet fever, measles, acute and chronic inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract).
Often adenoids in many parents are associated with the word "operation", although in fact they carry a protective function for the child's body. They produce protective antibodies, while creating a barrier to infections. For adults, this is not as relevant as for children, since the immune system of an adult recognizes the infection in the environment quite well and has a strong immunity to many of them. The child's organism is not yet adapted to this, and without adenoids it is hard for him, because it is practically the only protection for the respiratory tract from the penetration of infections. I
Carrying out an operation with adenoids in children is not always advisable, as it has long been proven that children who have early removed adenoids grow weaker, they have poor immunity, they often catch cold, get pneumonia and have bronchitis.
Often, surgical intervention does not solve the problem of enlarged adenoids in the nose in children, since it is necessary to treat the cause of the inflammatory process, and not its consequence. It is necessary to determine what triggered the increase in tonsils. Since this disease is very slow and weak, it usually does not require urgent surgical intervention, which allows to conduct the necessary diagnosis and find the root of the problem or cope with it by applying conservative methods.
Reasons for an increase in adenoids
One of the main causes of adenoids in children in the nose can be considered the presence of asymptomatic diseases that have a negative effect on the state of the whole organism. There are many other factors, due to which there is an increase in tonsils, but the most common are:
- Recurring SARS.
The increase in tonsils occurs due to the multiplication in them of cells that kill viruses. When recovered, they should return to their normal state, but frequent colds do not allow adenoids to decrease.
- Decreased immunity.
The reaction of adenoids to getting into the nasopharynx of allergens is the same as for viruses and bacteria, and it also provokes an increase in tonsils.
- Congenital predisposition.
The non-pathological cause of adenoids in children is their temporary increase for the period of the disease.
Let's consider the most sparing methods of treatment of tonsils: methods of treatment of adenoids in children by folk remedies and treatment of adenoids in children by laser.
Treatment of adenoids in children with folk remedies
This method is based on the washing of the tonsils. Most often in such cases, use common salt. The decoctions of medicinal herbs( anise, celandine, St. John's wort), a solution of honey, propolis and diluted beet juice have a similar effect.
For inhalations it is good to use bud grass as ivy. Burying tuya oil is also quite effective. With success for such purposes use ointment and herbs of St. John's wort, sea buckthorn oil, tincture of the pericarp walnut, infusion of field horsetail, thyme, black nightshade, cloves, cyclamen tubers and mummies. These funds are prepared in the right proportions and used in the form of inhalations and drops for instillation into the nose.
The most important in the prevention of adenoids is to increase immunity, tempering the child's body and adherence to dietary rules, so it's worth taking this seriously, while the baby is still healthy.
Treatment of adenoids in children with laser
At the moment, the use of laser therapy for adenoids is becoming increasingly popular, since the advantages of this procedure regarding surgical intervention are obvious. Important advantages of this technique are: low traumatism, high accuracy, low risk of bleeding and a fast recovery period after surgery. The great value is that the removal of tonsils with a laser can be carried out practically to all patients: this is facilitated by the analgesic effect of laser exposure, which makes it possible to perform the operation under local anesthesia.
However, it should be remembered that carrying out any operation with adenoids in children is not always the best way to prevent or cure the disease. Before deciding on this, you need to seriously consider all the pros and cons, because only you are responsible for the health of your child.