Almost every parent has had a skin rash problem in children, especially under the age of one year. As a rule, this is the reaction of the immune system to getting into the body of potentially dangerous substances - allergens. In everyday life such a manifestation of an allergy is called diathesis, and doctors call it allergic dermatitis.
Allergic dermatitis is diagnosed by doctors very often and many factors contribute to its appearance. To understand them, it is sufficient to know that the newborn has a big restructuring of the body, in particular, the immune system is actively developing, the development of specific enzymes and antibodies begins. But the adaptation process does not happen in a single day, and while the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract remains well permeable, the protective functions do not work at full strength, any food can trigger a response in the form of rash, itching, redness of the skin, and also rhinitis and evenproblems with breathing.
In addition, doctors have established that children in families who have allergies are genetically predisposed to allergic dermatitis. But, as a rule, food allergy takes place to be up to 1-2 years old, and then by itself passes.
It is important for parents to remember that the treatment of skin allergies in children does not begin with the fight against symptoms, but with a search for the causes of its appearance and the detection of allergens. At the children who are on natural feeding, the reason of an allergic dermatitis are products which are used by mum. In particular, strong allergens are preservatives - emulsifiers, synthesized fats, dyes, flavors, as well as salty, fatty foods, citrus fruits, sometimes milk. To rid the baby of allergies, you must first of all exclude these foods from the diet. Children who eat special mixtures may not tolerate proteins contained in cow's milk, and for them, doctors specifically prescribe hypoallergenic mixtures.
Symptoms of skin allergy and its treatment
Doctors have extensive terminology to describe the manifestations of allergic dermatitis, but parents do not need to understand this at all. It is enough when you have a rash on your skin or face, go to a doctor who, after conducting an appropriate examination, will determine the cause and make a diagnosis. It is also worth noting, the allergy symptoms on the skin of children appear against the background of a good general well-being of the child. If, in addition to the rash, there is a fever, vomiting, weakness or other negative symptoms, then most likely it's not an allergy, but a different disease.
Treatment of food allergies is always associated with compliance with diet and mom, and the child himself. From the diet of the family should be excluded canned food and foods with food colors, as well as reduce the intake of salt, sugar, vegetable oil, fatty and well-fried food. With artificial feeding, you will have to replace all children's mixtures, but do not buy advertised baby food, it's best if the doctor appoints him. The diet should be kept at least 1 month, and the diet for the mother does not change immediately, but gradually, in order to be able to identify the allergen, which reacts to the child.
In some cases, if the diet does not help, or if the child feels bad, doctors are forced to prescribe antihistamines, and also offer local treatment with creams and ointments to reduce itching and redness on the skin.
For the prevention of allergies in young children are advised to begin to make lure no earlier than from six months of age. And such products as nuts, oranges, chicken eggs, honey, give a try to the child in 1-2 years and in small quantities.