In young children, immunity is at the stage of formation, so they very often suffer from colds, especially at an early age. Children are prone to infection with viruses much more than adults. Very often the flu and cold are confused. It is important to understand the differences between them, not to confuse these diseases, and even less to engage in self-medication. If you notice signs of malaise in a child, you need to show it to your doctor. The doctor will put an accurate diagnosis and prescribe the necessary treatment.
Flu and cold are different diseases caused by different viruses. Symptoms of influenza in children differ from the symptoms of colds, as the disease itself differs. Influenza in children is usually accompanied by high fever, and with a cold, the temperature rises rarely. With a cold, a strong cough and runny nose appears, these symptoms are less pronounced in children with influenza. And one more distinctive feature is that with the flu the body is greatly weakened. During ARI or AR
Although the flu and cold symptoms are different, the cause of the disease is almost always the same - the baby's body is affected by the virus. Influenza in children usually occurs by airborne droplets when coughing, sneezing or talking.
Influenza in children is characterized by intoxication of the whole body, affecting mainly the upper respiratory tract of the child. In this article, we will talk about the main signs of influenza in children and about the methods of its prevention.
Types of influenza viruses
In medicine, it is common to distinguish three types of influenza viruses:
- Influenza A virus - it is considered the most complex and insidious, as it is able to change and mutate. This type of influenza viruses is more difficult to treat and causes epidemics among adults and children.
- The influenza virus B is much less likely to change. Children with a predominantly exposed type B virus.
- Influenza C virus is the simplest type. Only children are affected by the disease, since after disease to a virus of this type, immunity is produced in the human body. Most often, the virus C virus is ill only once in a lifetime.
The main distinguishing feature between all types of influenza viruses is their ability to change and mutate.
Symptoms of influenza in children
Usually, the flu in children begins suddenly and dramatically. The incubation period of the disease can last from several hours to several days.
Symptoms of influenza in children are quite diverse, but among them there are a number of the most typical. The main signs of influenza in children are high body temperature, weakness, chills, headache. The child becomes sluggish, feels broken. The fever period can last up to five days, after which the temperature decreases.
Symptoms of influenza in children also include chills, dizziness, pain in the muscles and joints. With the flu in a child, the body temperature can rise to 40 degrees and stay for several days.
In severe cases, the following flu symptoms in children may occur: convulsions, nosebleeds, fainting and unconsciousness. In some cases there is an increase in sweating with flu in children, upset of the stool, pain in the abdomen, a decrease in pressure.
Influenza can be accompanied by nasal congestion, a mild cough, sore throat during swallowing. Newborns and infants can give up their breasts. In children under one year, the disease usually is more severe and is often accompanied by complications, and in some cases, deaths. Therefore, it is very important to protect the smallest child from possible infection.
Complications of a child with the flu
In severe cases, complications can occur that are associated with the defeat of some of the child's organs. In case of improper or untimely treatment with a complication after the flu, the child may become pneumonia, encephalitis, myositis and other serious diseases.
After the flu, a child who has undergone the disease in a complicated form, for half a year should be on a regular basis at the district pediatrician's place of residence.
Treatment of influenza
It is important to determine the flu in time and start treatment as early as possible. Perhaps the most important guarantee for recovery is bed rest during flu-like illness in children and adults. It is important that the sick child is isolated from the household in a separate room.
If the temperature increases with influenza, the child should first call a doctor who will prescribe an individual treatment and prescribe medications. Engage in self-medication, especially if it concerns little children, in no case impossible. Influenza is a very insidious disease, and in order to avoid complications, it is better to confront it with a specialist.
In case of complications or severe illness the child is hospitalized.
When influenza, children are usually prescribed a plentiful drink( warm drinks, juices, tea, mineral water) and a diet with a high content of vitamins. To reduce the temperature of the flu, the child is usually recommended to give drugs based on paracetamol. However, paracetamol has adverse reactions and contraindications.
Among folk remedies for decreasing the temperature of a child with influenza, rubbing with a weak solution of vinegar and abundant drinking are popular, and enemas are used for treating children up to a year.
Influenza prevention in children
Any person can be infected by the flu, including a newborn baby. Usually, after the flu, the immunity to infection is formed in a child. However, influenza viruses tend to mutate, so repeated infections occur.
During the epidemic, immunomodulating drugs are prescribed for children to prevent influenza.
Influenza viruses are sensitive to direct sunlight and temperatures above 60 ° C.Therefore, it is necessary to regularly ventilate the room and conduct wet cleaning, limiting communication with the patient.
For the prevention of influenza in children in children's institutions, the premises are irradiated with ultraviolet lamps. Children with signs of influenza are not accepted into preschool and educational institutions.
If someone from the household gets sick with the flu, it should be isolated, and the rest of the family should wear special gauze bandages. This simple method of preventing influenza can significantly reduce the risk of infection. In no case should you use the same dishes as the sick person. In the period of illness it is better to give him personal equipment.
Among popular means of preventing influenza, ordinary garlic is very popular. In addition to eating, you can arrange garlic cloves throughout the apartment or hang a child's neck on a string.
Vaccination against influenza
As a prophylaxis for influenza in children, doctors recommend a timely vaccination. Vaccination should be done annually, be sure to a healthy child and before the epidemic begins. The risk group includes children who are in the team. For this reason, vaccination is recommended in kindergartens, schools, boarding schools.
There are different kinds of flu vaccines. Parents must be informed in advance about vaccination. Before the child is vaccinated against the flu, the doctor must obtain permission from the parents( consent) to be vaccinated. But before giving such permission, you should consult a pediatrician.