Even if you do not remember if you were sick with mononucleosis, chances are that just once you confused him with a sore throat, ARVI or adenoiditis. Symptoms of these diseases are similar. This often prevents timely treatment of the right treatment and can lead to a more severe form of this infectious disease. It is important to note that in childhood, mononucleosis is much easier, and repeated infection with this disease is extremely rare.
As a rule, infectious mononucleosis is most often affected by children over three years old and adults up to forty. In children less than three years old, mononucleosis is rare and occurs mildly. Let's try to understand how to properly diagnose and how to treat this infectious disease?
How is mononucleosis transmitted?
The Epstein-Barr virus, which causes mononucleosis, is transmitted from person to person by contact-household and less often by airborne droplets. This virus enters the external environment with the patient's saliva. It is easiest to infect du
The long incubation period( up to several months) does not provide an opportunity to determine where and from whom the child was infected. Mononucleosis is not very contagious and diseases are individual cases and never have the nature of epidemics. Therefore, in connection with mononucleosis, quarantines are not announced either in kindergartens or in schools. More often infectious mononucleosis sick boys.
Often this infectious disease lies in wait for people at the resorts, as heat, moisture and large concentrations of people on the beaches create favorable conditions for the development of this virus.
How does mononucleosis manifest?
It is difficult to diagnose mononucleosis, since the main symptoms of the disease are similar to the symptoms of many other viral diseases. The sick child, as a rule, looks sluggish and very tired. First of all, the virus affects the lymphoid tissue. There is an increase in lymph nodes, tonsils, spleen and liver. There may be fever, sore throat and physical discomfort.
Also, the characteristic symptoms of mononucleosis are:
- temperature increase;
- nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain;
- runny nose;
- sore throat;
- aching joints, aching bones;
- gum bleeding;
- difficulty breathing;
- loss of appetite;
Sometimes a rash of a reddish hue may appear on the child's body.
Doctors can diagnose mononucleosis with two blood tests: a test for heterophilic agglutinins( one-spot test) and counting of lymphocytes that fight infection.
How long does the disease last?
The disease with mononucleosis lasts a long time( from several weeks to several months), with the child constantly in a tired state, he often needs sleep and rest more often than usual.
The rehabilitation period is much longer. Mononucleosis greatly weakens the immunity of the child, making it vulnerable to other diseases in the next few months. In order not to provoke new exacerbations, doctors recommend that for six months or a year they refuse vaccinations, mass events and trips to the sea.
How to cure mononucleosis?
After diagnosis, the most important question becomes how to treat mononucleosis. To cope with this disease, a whole complex of mandatory measures is needed:
- regular intake of antiviral drugs( tablets or intramuscular injections);
- reception of vitamins;
- administration of antipyretics( with increasing temperature);
- compliance with the diet( restrict consumption of fried and fatty foods);
- complete rest, strict adherence to bed rest;
- plentiful drink;
- facilitates breathing with lavage and vasoconstrictor;
- rinsing of the throat with special solutions of iodinol and furacilin;
- regular airing and humidifying the room.
As an antipyretic agent for mononucleosis, doctors recommend the use of paracetamol or preparations based on it. Take aspirin is not recommended.
It is very important not to allow the throat to dry out. To do this, it is necessary to regularly conduct a wet cleaning of the premises, as well as use air humidifiers based on pine or eucalyptus essential oil.
Decoctions of marigold, coltsfoot or yarrow can be used to rinse the throat, rinse the nasal cavity, and just drink( half cup before eating).
In the treatment of infectious mononucleosis, any heating and physiotherapy is strictly prohibited.
Proper treatment in the vast majority of cases leads to complete recovery and lifelong immunity to mononucleosis.