How to develop attention in preschool children?

Attention is one of the main qualities through which we learn and explore the world around us. Well-developed attention helps the child to be more diligent, focused, easy to learn new information and successfully study at school. Fortunately, today there are a large number of exercises and tasks that, in a playful way, help the development of this important quality in the child.

How to check the level of attention of a child?

There are six basic attention properties:

  • volume;
  • resistance and concentration;
  • selectivity;
  • distribution;
  • switchability;
  • randomness.

Having followed the correct development of each of these properties, you can determine the level of development of your child's attention.

The amount of attention is determined by how many subjects a child can simultaneously concentrate and keep them in the field of his attention.

The level of stability and concentration of attention shows how much time a kid can keep attention without being distracted. For

example, watch how long the child keeps his enthusiasm for the game. Basically, the duration of the one-year-old child does not exceed 14 minutes, the child of three years - 27 minutes, and by six, seven years the duration of the game can already exceed the hour mark. Also by the age of seven years the stability of attention in intellectual activity is formed and the duration of educational activities can last up to 30 minutes. The development of the stability of attention is determined by the level of development of cognitive processes and curiosity.

The well-developed attention selectivity helps the child from a large amount of material to choose and concentrate on the part that is needed to solve the task.

The switchability of attention is necessary for the child to switch from performing one activity to another.

The distribution of attention is the ability to perform several tasks simultaneously( without errors).

The randomness of the is determined by the child's ability to focus on demand.

For the correct development of attention in the child, it is necessary to closely monitor the development of each property. And with the help of special exercises you can eliminate the identified shortcomings.

What games help to develop the attention of the child?

Attention is one of the most important qualities that determines the process of selecting the right information. The process of forming this quality is especially active in the preschool age. Therefore, almost all the games recommended for children at this age, one way or another, are aimed at developing attention. These include the well-known game "edible-inedible", very popular twin pictures with a given number of differences, drawing from pictures and many others. Here are some popular games of this kind.

Dialogues( questions and answers). These are very simple and interesting games for developing attention. The essence of the games is to answer the leader's questions not to say a forbidden word or letter. Interesting questions distract the attention of the child, but the desire to win makes you very attentive.

Transferring objects or pictures to .The child is invited to remember a certain order of location of a certain number of objects( pencils, toys, pictures).Then the kid turns away, and at that time the order changes. You can swap objects or pick up one of the items. After that, the child must show his attentiveness and correctly tell what has changed.

"Do as I do." Very interesting and fun you can play games on repetition of movements. It is especially good to conduct such games among a group of children. The essence of the game is that as soon as possible to repeat all the movements of the presenter.

Playing games to develop attention is important to use the principle of "from simple to complex."You need to start with light tasks and, watching the child's reaction, gradually complicate them. Too complex tasks can tire a baby and lead to a loss of faith in oneself. Too easy tasks become very uninteresting to him very quickly. If the child no longer has an interest in the game - it's better not to insist on continuing, but to offer this game next time.

Be sure to praise your baby for every correct decision. This will help him to believe in his strength and with joy to take on new assignments.