Adenovirus infection is one of the main causes of childhood morbidity in the autumn-winter period. Because of her sick children of different ages, but the most serious illness occurs in children up to three years. In this article, we will look at how the adenovirus is transmitted, how it manifests itself, and how to cure the disease.
Ways of infection
An adenovirus infection is transmitted by airborne droplets on contact with a sick person and by a contact route when using shared dishes. Adenovirus is very resistant to environmental factors, it persists at high and low temperatures, only boiling can kill it.
Babies who have not yet turned a year are rarely sick with this infection, since at birth they received antibodies to adenovirus from their mother. The less antibodies to the virus in the child's body, the higher the likelihood that he will become ill. According to statistical data, most children under seven have time to suffer adenovirus several times. The formation of immunity to this infe
From the moment of infection of a child with adenovirus infection and until the appearance of the first symptoms, it lasts from 1 to 14 days. Symptoms of the disease can manifest themselves as all together, and separately.
Temperature rise and intoxication .In the first 2-3 days of illness the body temperature of the baby can rise to 38-39 ° C.The child becomes capricious, sluggish, drowsy, his appetite worsens. In some cases, the disease is accompanied by pain in the muscles and joints, weakness, mild headaches.
Runny nose .From the first day of the disease, the baby has thick, abundant mucous discharge. At first they are transparent, but then they turn green. Edema of the nasal mucosa and snot lead to difficulty in nasal breathing.
Inflammation of the throat .The mucous throat becomes inflamed, red, edematous, palatine tonsils increase. Individual sites of the mucosa on the back of the throat can become purple. On tonsils can appear whitish point coatings, which can easily be removed with a spatula or cotton swab.
Cough .One of the complications of adenovirus is acute bronchitis, which from the first days of the disease manifests itself as a strong dry cough without separation of sputum. When listening to a child's lungs with a stethoscope, the pediatrician determines a single wheeze of a dry nature. As the baby cures, the cough becomes wet, the sputum begins to separate.
Lesion of the eye mucosa .A typical symptom of infection with adenovirus infection is the defeat of the eye mucosa. It can appear as from the first days, and at any time of the disease. Most often, eye damage occurs on the first day of illness or 3-5 days of the disease. Defeat manifests itself as a conjunctivitis, and, at first it appears on one eye, and in a day it appears on the other. The degree of defeat of the mucosa is different: from insignificant to strong. The main signs of eye damage: itching, a feeling of sand and rubbing in the eyes, severe lachrymation. Bright light increases the symptoms. Mucous discharge from the eyes lead to the fact that after sleep the baby's eyelashes stick together, as they are covered with crusts.
In some cases, adenovirus infection can manifest itself by such symptoms: dilution of stool, one- or two-time vomiting, nausea, bloating, pain in the abdomen.
Usually, with adenoviral infection, the child is treated at home. Only in the case of a serious course of the disease or the attachment of a bacterial infection the baby is hospitalized.
Care .Pediatricians recommend that children stay in bed until their body temperature normalizes and a few days after. To alleviate the symptoms of eye damage, the light in the child's room must be muffled. Any physical or emotional stress is undesirable. If the child has vomiting, then it is necessary to drink it vigorously.
Power supply .Usually when adenovirus appetite does not disappear, children eat, but not enough. To force a child is not worth it. Baby food should be light, diet. Food should be given crushed, puree and warm, so as not to injure the sore throat. If the baby is sick, then before you feed him, you need to clear the nose of the crumbs from the mucus so that he can calmly suck the milk.
Elevated body temperature .If the temperature of the child's body is up to 38.5 ° C, then it is not necessary to give him antipyretic, so the body struggles with the infection itself. It is necessary to put the baby in light clothing so that the body can give warmth. You can apply the physical method of cooling - wiping with a diaper moistened with warm water. A baby should be given often, but a little water, so that there is no dehydration due to overheating. If the child is inclined to convulsions or the temperature of his body has risen above the value of 38.5 ° C, it is necessary to give the infant its age-related dosage of antipyretic agent( Panadol, Nurofen).
Cough .With a dry cough, the child is given mucolytic drugs that promote liquefaction and excretion of sputum: "Lazolvan", "Bromgexin", "ATSTS."Of the folk remedies for these purposes, you can use warm milk with honey and butter, warmed mineral water, for example, "Borjomi".
Lesion of the eye mucosa .Several times a day, the eyes of the baby are washed with a solution of potassium permanganate pale pink, a decoction of chamomile or a weak tea. To combat viruses, Ophthalmoferon drops are used, in accordance with the prescription of the doctor.
Runny nose .To reduce the swelling of the nasal mucosa and to facilitate mucus discharge, several times a day, a saline solution should be instilled in the nose, for example, "Aquamaris", "Marimer" or saline solution. Vasovascular "Nazivin" drops, which facilitate breathing, can be used 2-3 times a day and not longer than 5-7 days.
Usually, the disease caused by adenovirus infection completely passes in two weeks. But the disease is better to prevent, than to treat, therefore for the prevention of adenovirus it is necessary to strengthen the immunity of the child.