Unfortunately, no one is immune to the common cold, especially in the winter-spring period. And women in an interesting position are more likely than others to "catch" an acute respiratory disease( ARI) or a viral infection, because they have decreased immunity due to immunodepression( physiological state during pregnancy).If the future mother did not manage to protect herself from the disease, she should know what medicines for a cold for pregnant women are safe, since most medications in this case are contraindicated.
Pregnant woman with a cold
If a pregnant woman is not on maternity leave, she should not go to work. It is not recommended to go to the polyclinic on your own, because, sitting in the queue under the doctor's office, you can get another infection, which will complicate the course of the disease. It is better to stay at home and call a local doctor. After all, without consulting a therapist, you can not do anything, since only a qualified specialist will tell you what medicines you c
At home it is desirable to single out a pregnant woman in a separate room. To alleviate the symptoms of colds, it is necessary to create a favorable microclimate: the room should be well ventilated, the recommended air temperature is about 22-23 degrees, and humidity 60 - 70%.The future mother needs to sleep more and rest.
If the pregnant woman does not have an appetite, then there is nothing wrong with this, because the body actively struggles with the disease and there is no time to spend its energy on digesting food. As soon as the expectant mother begins to recover, her well-being will improve and her appetite will return. Also, the use of a large amount of liquid is not recommended, since in an interesting position this is an additional burden on the kidneys, and this is fraught with edema. Moderate drinking, vegetables, fruits and soups - the best diet for a sick pregnant woman.
What are the possible medicines for colds for pregnant
Although our pharmacies offer a huge selection of medications that alleviate the symptoms of a cold, a woman in an interesting position should not decide on her own what preparations she should take. Since most drugs contain substances, the use of which can adversely affect both the course of pregnancy and the health of the child. Therefore, before taking any medicine for colds during pregnancy, consult a therapist. If pregnancy is in the early stages, and the district doctor does not know about your interesting situation, do not forget to warn him about it before he prescribes treatment for you.
For colds, the following groups of medicines are most often taken: antipyretic, analgesic, expectorant, antitussive, antiallergic, decongestants and vitamins. The list of medicines from ARI, which is not contraindicated for a woman in an interesting situation, is not great at all. So let's look at the possible medications for pregnant women with a cold.
As an antipyretic and anesthetic for any period of pregnancy, you can safely take paracetamol( he also "Panadol", "Efferalgan", "Acetofen").But be sure to follow the recommended dosage. Since exceeding the dose of even a safe drug can harm the body of the mother and child.
Rarely, what cold is not accompanied by abundant discharge of mucus from the nose and obstruction of nasal passages( rhinitis).Usually in such cases patients use vasoconstrictor, they are instilled in the nose with a pipette or used as a spray. But women in an interesting position to get involved in using these drugs can not. Since decongestants( substances contained in this form of medical devices) can cause fetal malformation or adversely affect the outcome of pregnancy. Therefore, vasoconstrictive drugs for colds during pregnancy should be used strictly according to the instructions and do not exceed the recommended dose. To ease the symptoms of rhinitis, the expectant mother can wash her nose with saline solution, it is absolutely safe for the health of the child. In pharmacies already sold solutions are sold, for example, "Aquamaris" or "Saline".
If a pregnant woman needs to take antitussive drugs, it is better to choose those where the active substance dextromethorphan( "Tussin plus", "Glycodine").Clinical studies have shown that this substance does not adversely affect the fetus and course of pregnancy. Although in the instructions for the use of antitussive drugs with dextromethorphan, the first trimester of pregnancy is indicated in contraindications.
It is necessary to choose expectorant medicines for colds during pregnancy with great care, since syrups and tablets can include herbs that negatively affect the course of pregnancy and are unsafe for the health of the child. Contraindicated for women in an interesting situation are the following natural medicines: licorice root, pine buds, plantain, mother-and-stepmother, thyme, oregano, violet, elecampane root, anise, ivy and althea root( from which everyone makes known "Mukaltin").Safe expectorants that can be prescribed for pregnant women are those that contain guaifenesin and bromhexine.
Very often, antihistamines are prescribed to reduce the symptoms of colds. Antiallergic drugs of the new generation are allowed for pregnant women, since these drugs have no side effects that can harm the child.
With a sore throat, the expectant mother can safely resolve the oral antiseptic "Lisobakt", "Lizak" or water her throat with the antibacterial spray "Chlorophyllipt".Although these drugs for a cold for pregnant women are safe, you should still adhere to recommended doses, since an overdose can trigger an allergic reaction. To reduce the pain in the throat, rinse with warm soda or saline solution( 1 teaspoon per glass of water).They have an antiseptic effect and are absolutely safe for the health of the future mother and her child.
When cold, many doctors advise taking vitamin C, as it helps to speed up recovery and reduces the risk of complications of the disease. But many women in an interesting situation obstetricians-gynecologists recommend taking vitamin complexes created specifically for pregnant women, for example, "Pregnavit."The composition of these complexes already includes vitamin C. Therefore, if a woman takes a vitamin complex, then during a cold, she does not need to take vitamin C. In addition, an overdose of vitamin C is much worse for health than its lack.
Who prescribes cold medicine for pregnancy
Any medicine for pregnant women with colds should be prescribed only by a therapist. Naturally, the doctor should be aware that the patient is in an interesting position( if this is not yet very noticeable), since the prescribed treatment depends on this. People's remedies for cold, which my grandmother, mother or girlfriend advised, it is better not to use at all or only after consulting a doctor. Self-medication in this case is unacceptable, as it can harm the health of the child and complicate the course of pregnancy.