Many women who are breastfeeding often wonder whether it is possible to become pregnant during lactation. At the same time, most young mothers are sure that pregnancy during lactation will not occur and no additional contraceptive means should be used.
In this article we will talk about whether it is possible to become pregnant during lactation and how to protect properly during lactation.
Can I get pregnant during lactation?
After birth, the reproductive function of a woman is reduced for a while. Women who adhere to the rules of natural feeding, this period is much longer than that of mothers practicing artificial or mixed feeding. When asked whether it is possible to become pregnant during lactation, the specialists say with certainty: "Yes, it is possible!" And in practice this happens quite often.
Very often, men with lactemia are absent from women, but the onset of conception is possible. How to avoid pregnancy during lactation? Does breastfeeding protect again
Breastfeeding does not protect 100% of unwanted pregnancies and you can get pregnant during lactation. However, for some time right after delivery, when lactation is an obstacle to pregnancy, you can use the method of natural contraception, called "lactational amenorrhea".
During lactation the woman's ability to conceive is significantly reduced because of the high content of the prolactin hormone in the blood. The first six months after childbirth in the absence of menstruation during lactation and certain conditions, you can use breastfeeding as a way to protect against unwanted pregnancy. The reliability of this method with proper application is up to 99%.
To do this, you need to feed your baby on demand, not only during the day, but at night. Thus it is impossible to enter any lures, mixes, допаивать the child water and to give it a pacifier. The minimum number of feedings during a day should not be less than 10 times with interruptions between feedings not more than five hours.
This method can be used only until the baby reaches six or seven months old, before the introduction of the main complementary foods.
Contraception during breastfeeding
If a new pregnancy is undesirable for a woman during breastfeeding, appropriate contraceptive methods should be taken. Before choosing a method of contraception, it is better to consult a doctor, especially if it concerns hormonal contraceptives.
The number of types of contraceptives suitable for lactating women is large enough. We list the main types of contraceptives recommended for lactation:
- Barrier contraceptives( condoms and vaginal diaphragm) are highly effective( up to 99%).
- Spermicidal drugs( intravaginal tablets, suppositories, creams), suppressing the mobility and vital activity of spermatozoa. The effectiveness of this method is much lower than barrier means( up to 80%), but it is quite sufficient for women with reduced reproductive function during lactation. The active ingredients do not enter the breast milk and do not harm the baby.
- The intrauterine device was previously a very popular remedy, but lately a growing number of women have used this method of contraception. The advantages of this method are that reliability reaches 100%, a helix can be installed for a long period of five to seven years 6-8 weeks after delivery. If necessary, you can extract the spiral at any time.
- Oral contraceptives are rightfully considered to be the most effective method of contraception. Independently to choose hormonal preparations should not be, especially during breast-feeding. Be sure to consult a doctor. For lactating women, a specialist will prescribe mini-pills - tablets without ethinylestradiol, safe during lactation. These drugs include Charozetta, Mixluton, Ekrolut. Mini-pills do not reduce the amount of milk produced and do not harm the child. Oral contraceptives should be taken every day at the same time. Even a slight deviation from the intake time significantly reduces the effectiveness of the drug. After the child reaches the age of six months, you can begin taking conventional combined oral contraceptives with ethinylestradiol, which guarantee protection from unwanted pregnancy.
Menstrual cycle during lactation
Each woman's menstrual cycle during lactation is restored individually, but most often this occurs between 6 and 24 months after childbirth.
High concentration of the hormone prolactin in the blood inhibits the maturation of the ovum and ovulation, so the monthly during lactation does not occur for a long time. When introducing complementary foods and reducing the number of feedings, the level of prolactin decreases, increasing the likelihood of ovulation and recovery of the menstrual cycle during lactation.
With the appearance of the first monthly lactation, the woman's body is fully ready for the onset of a new pregnancy.
Breastfeeding during pregnancy
There are times when pregnancy occurs during lactation. The question arises - is it worth continuing breastfeeding? Is breastfeeding dangerous for the fetus? To make the right decision, you need to seek the advice of a specialist.
If pregnancy develops and proceeds normally, breastfeeding will not become a hindrance. But it is necessary to calculate your strengths and the body's capabilities for simultaneous nurturing and feeding.
The hormone oxytocin released during breastfeeding does not exert much influence on the increase in the tone of the uterus. But if there is a threat of miscarriage, it is better to refuse breastfeeding.
If the age of the baby is about a year, then you can start gradually weaning the baby from the chest. An uneven withdrawal will be more peaceful for the child. Reducing the frequency of feeding will affect the amount and taste qualities of breast milk, and eventually the baby will give up breast.