The formational approach was widely covered in the writings of Lenin, Engels and Marx. According to the theory, the society passes in its development certain stages, which replace each other. These stages are called socio-economic formations. So, the society passed through the primitive communal, slave-owning stage, passed to the feudal, capitalist, communist level.
Formational approach. Features
Formal approach to the study of society provides for certain patterns. Thus, the productive forces are developing more rapidly than the relationship. Skills, knowledge and means of labor are being improved. In the course of time contradictions begin to arise. They express themselves in the fact that the old relations in production begin to restrain the development of new ones. In order for improvement to continue, it is necessary to replace some interactions with others. Thus, the formational approach is shown.
Development of the
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Formational approach. Advantages and disadvantages of
As specialists note, the formational approach is based on changes inherent in the production sphere. Supporters of this area believe that the main role in social development belongs to historical patterns, objective laws, in which the person conducts his activities. Society is moving along a progressive path, because each of the following formations is more perfect than the previous one. Among the shortcomings experts note the fact that not all states in their historical development could fit into the proposed "harmonious scheme".So, for example, in a number of countries there was no slave societal and economic level. For the eastern states was characterized by a very diverse historical development. It is also important that the formational approach when assessing complex social processes provides an economic basis. However, this is not always correct. The secondary position of the human factor in history is not always acceptable, while the objective law is placed on the first place.