Formational approach. Features

The formational approach was widely covered in the writings of Lenin, Engels and Marx. According to the theory, the society passes in its development certain stages, which replace each other. These stages are called socio-economic formations. So, the society passed through the primitive communal, slave-owning stage, passed to the feudal, capitalist, communist level. formative approach to the study of society

Formational approach. Features

Formal approach to the study of society provides for certain patterns. Thus, the productive forces are developing more rapidly than the relationship. Skills, knowledge and means of labor are being improved. In the course of time contradictions begin to arise. They express themselves in the fact that the old relations in production begin to restrain the development of new ones. In order for improvement to continue, it is necessary to replace some interactions with others. Thus, the formational approach is shown. formational approach to the typology of the state

Development of the

society For a better understanding, examples should be con

sidered using a formal approach to the typology of the state. In the conditions of the primitive communal system, production assets were a common property. In this regard, people worked together, together. Results of the same activity were distributed among all members of the society equally. In capitalist society, on the contrary, private individuals were the owners of the means of production. In this regard, the relationship becomes somewhat different. Under the feudal system, the main means of production was land. It belonged to one master. For the use of land, the peasants paid the feudal lord. However, in spite of the fact that in a number of countries the workers were attached to the master, the society developed. Technology was improving, industry was beginning to emerge. As a result, the society was on a new stage of development. formative approach

Formational approach. Advantages and disadvantages of

As specialists note, the formational approach is based on changes inherent in the production sphere. Supporters of this area believe that the main role in social development belongs to historical patterns, objective laws, in which the person conducts his activities. Society is moving along a progressive path, because each of the following formations is more perfect than the previous one. Among the shortcomings experts note the fact that not all states in their historical development could fit into the proposed "harmonious scheme".So, for example, in a number of countries there was no slave societal and economic level. For the eastern states was characterized by a very diverse historical development. It is also important that the formational approach when assessing complex social processes provides an economic basis. However, this is not always correct. The secondary position of the human factor in history is not always acceptable, while the objective law is placed on the first place.

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