The capital of Germany: history, traditions, sights

Berlin - the most beautiful city in Europe

Berlin in recent years has attracted the attention of a huge number of tourists from around the world, and this is not accidental. The capital of Germany has long been the unofficial title of not only one of the most beautiful cities in Europe, but also the scientific, as well as the cultural capital of the world.

Etymology of the word

The capital of Germany

The very word "Berlin" has been controversial for historians and linguists for more than one century. The thing is that the capital of Germany used to be a small village in which the Slavs mostly lived. Therefore, most foreign researchers believe that the etymological basis of this word is the Slavic "Birle", that is, swamps, marshes. Berliners themselves are sure that this name comes from the German "ber" - a bear, because once this region literally swarmed by these predators. There is no doubt only one: the first mention of this city dates back to the mid-13th century due to a story in the chronic

les of a small settlement at the confluence of the Spree and Havel rivers.

Alexanderplatz - the geographical center of Germany's capital

Reichstag in Berlin

Geographical center of the city should recognize the famous Alexanderplatz - one of the most beautiful in the world. By this name, the capital of Germany seems to remind everyone of the assistance that Prussia gave to Russia at that time, liberating it from the troops of Napoleon. The square received its name in honor of Emperor Alexander Pavlovich, who headed the Russian army during the famous overseas campaign.

Berlin TV Tower - a modern symbol of the city

Near the square is one of the modern symbols of Berlin - a television tower, which is considered one of the highest in the world. Every day thousands of tourists climb it to get an opportunity to enjoy an unforgettable spectacle - to look at the city from a bird's eye view.

Berlin, Germany

By Unter den Linden to the Brandenburg Gate

The main street of the city has been for more than one century Unter den Linden. Its name was received due to the fact that on the orders of the founder of the Prussian kingdom Friedrich Wilhelm, here were planted more than two thousand limes that gave this highway its own unique charm. One end of Unter den Linden rests on the mighty Brandenburg Gate. Built in the late XVIII century, they saw many triumphs and defeats. It was through them that the brave German soldiers passed and allies entered, striving for the capital of Germany to bow its head before them.

Reichstag in Berlin - a symbol of Russian courage

Literally a few minutes walk from the Brandenburg Gate is another monumental building - the building of the German parliament. The Reichstag in Berlin is a true masterpiece of architecture, but for Russia it is a symbol of the Great Victory. By the way, it is for this reason that the state flag of Germany is not developing at the central dome of the Reichstag, the symbols of the state are hung only on the sides of this structure.

The attractive power of the capital. City Berlin

Germany has been attracting millions of researchers and tourists for many years. It is in the capital that you can get acquainted with the famous German style, admire the magnificent German culture and plunge into the maelstrom of secrets of European history.

instagram viewer