There are a lot of stories about how to live properly, what actions to avoid, what to really appreciate. Usually the author narrates about these difficult truths in the form of an instructive story. Paustovsky is an acknowledged master of a small novel. In his works there is always a motive for high civil intentions and fidelity to his duty. In addition, in his creations the living narrative is combined with a penetrating description of nature."Warm bread" is a wonderful example of the writer's artistic skill. About this work, we'll talk in this article.
During his life he composed many outstanding works Konstantin Paustovsky."Warm bread" is a story for children, in which the author teaches young readers not to commit bad deeds and never offend defenseless people and animals. This work is more like a fairy tale, even a parable, where the Christian commandments about spiritual warmth and love for one's neighbor come to the children in a simple and accessible form.
The name of the work
gave a meaningful title to his story Konstantin Paustovsky."Warm bread" is a symbol of vitality and spiritual generosity. Bread in Russia went to the peasants hard work, so the attitude to it was careful, trembling. And fresh pastries for many years was the best delicacy on the table in every house. The fragrance of bread in Paustovsky's story has a miraculous power, he makes people kinder and purer.
The beginning of the work
Paustovsky begins his short story with a short introduction."Warm bread" tells that once, during the war, through the village of Berezhki, a fighting cavalry detachment marched. At this time on the outskirts exploded shell and wounded a black horse in the leg. The animal could not go any further, and Pankrat, an old miller, took it to him. It was an eternally gloomy, but very quick-for-work man, whom local children secretly considered a sorcerer. The old man cured the horse and began to carry everything that was necessary for the mill's construction.
Next Paustovsky's "Warm Bread" narrates that the time described in the work was very difficult for ordinary people. Many did not have enough food, so Pankrat could not feed the horse alone. Then the animal began to walk through the yards and ask for food. He took stale bread, beet tops, even carrots, because they believed that the horse was "public" and suffered for a just cause.
The boy Filka
In his work described the changes that under the influence of circumstances occurred in the soul of the child, Konstantin Paustovsky."Warm bread" is a story about a boy named Filka. He lived with his grandmother in the village of Berezhki and was rude and distrustful. The hero responded to all reproaches with the same phrase: "Come on!"Once Filka sat alone at home and ate delicious bread sprinkled with salt. At this time the horse came into the yard and asked for food. The boy struck the animal on the lips and threw the bread into the loose snow with the words: "On you, on the criminals, you will not be attacked!"
These evil words have become a signal for the beginning of extraordinary events. A tear rolled down from his horse's eyes, he snorted in annoyance, waved his tail, and at that moment a fierce frost hit the village. A flurry of snow immediately flogged Filka's throat. He rushed into the house and locked the door behind him with a favorite saying: "Come on, you!"However, he listened to the noise outside the window and realized that the blizzard was whistling just like the tail of an angry horse striking itself on the sides.
The frigid cold
The amazing case describes in his story Paustovsky."Warm bread" tells of the fierce cold that fell to the ground after the rude Filky words. Winter that year was warm, the water near the mill did not freeze, and then a frost broke out, so that all the wells in Berezhki froze to the very bottom, and the river was covered with a thick crust of ice. Now all the people in the village were waiting for an imminent starvation, because Pankrat could not grind flour at his mill.
The old legend
Next, the story of the old legend Konstantin Paustovsky."Warm bread" with the lips of the old Fylkina grandmother describes the events that happened in the village a hundred years ago. Then the crippled soldier knocked at the door of a well-to-do peasant and asked for food. A sleepy and angry host threw a piece of hard bread on the floor and told the veteran to raise the thrown "treat" himself. The soldier picked up the bread and saw that it was entirely covered with green mold, and there is no way to eat it. Then the offended man went out into the courtyard, whistled, and the cold cold fell on the ground, and the greedy peasant died "from the cooling of the heart".
Awareness of the act
An instructive parable was invented by Paustovsky."Warm bread" describes the terrible confusion that occurred in the soul of a frightened boy. He realized his mistake and asked his grandmother if he and the rest of the people had a hope of salvation. The old woman replied that everything would be fine if the person who had committed the evil repented. The boy realized that he needed to reconcile with the offended horse, and at night, when the grandmother fell asleep, ran to the miller.
The path to repentance
"The way Filki was not easy," - writes Paustovsky. The writer tells that the boy had to overcome the fierce cold, such that even the air seemed frozen, and there was no strength to breathe. At the house of the Miller Filka could not run, and only heavily swayed through the swept snowdrifts. Sensing the boy, a wounded horse howled in the shed. Filka was frightened, crouched, but then Pankrat opened the door, saw the child, dragged him by the collar into the hut and planted it by the stove. With tears Filka told the miller everything. He called the boy a "senseless citizen" and ordered him for an hour and a quarter to come up with a way out of the situation.
Further plunges his hero into deep reflections Paustovsky Konstantin Georgievich. In the end, the boy decided in the morning to collect all the village children on the river and start chopping along with the ice near the mill. Then water will flow, the ring can be turned, the device will warm up and begin to grind the flour. So in the village again there will be flour and water. Miller doubted that the guys would want to pay for Filkin nonsense with his hump, but promised that he would talk with the local old people so that they also went out on the ice.
Getting rid of the cold
A remarkable picture of the joint work is painted in his work by K. G. Paustovsky( the stories of this author are very expressive).He tells how all the children and old people stepped onto the river and began chopping ice. Around fires were burning, axes were tapping, and by common efforts people won the cold. True, the warm summer wind also helped, which suddenly blew from the south. The talkative magpie, who heard the conversation between Filka and the miller, and then flew away to an unknown destination, bowed before everyone and told that it was she who managed to save the village. She allegedly flew to the mountains, found a warm wind there, woke him up and brought her with him. However, none but crows, magpie did not understand, so her merits to people and remained unknown.
Reconciliation with the horse
Paustovsky's story "Warm bread" is a wonderful example of prose for children. In it, the writer told how a little rude man learned to do good deeds and watch his words. After the water reappeared on the river, the mill's ring turned, and freshly ground flour flowed into the sacks. From her, women kneaded a sweet tight dough and baked fragrant bread from it. The smell of ruddy pastry with cabbage leaves burnt to the bottom was such that even the foxes got out of their holes in the hope of regaining it. And the guilty Filka together with the guys came to Pankrat to put up with the wounded horse. He was holding a loaf of fresh bread, and the tiny boy Nikolka was carrying a large wooden container with salt after him. The horse initially backed away and did not want to receive the gift, but Filka so desperately cried that the animal had mercy and took the boy's fragrant bread. When the wounded horse ate, he laid his head on the shoulder of Filka and closed his eyes with pleasure and satiety. The world was restored, and the spring came back to the village.
One of his favorite compositions was called Paustovsky's "Warm Bread".The genre of the work can be defined as a parable about the basic Christian values. The symbol of bread plays a key role in it. If the black human ingratitude can be compared to the hard crust of moldy bread, then kindness and spiritual generosity - with sweet and fresh loaves. The boy who blithely threw a chunk in the snow, did a very bad thing. He not only offended the wounded horse, but also neglected the product created by hard work. For this, Filka was punished. Only the threat of starvation helped him to understand that even a stale piece of bread should be treated with respect.
Students learn in the fifth grade the story "Warm bread"( Paustovsky).Analyzing this work, children often ask themselves why the whole village was to answer for the bad deed of one boy. The answer lies in the story itself. The fact is that Filka suffered extreme egocentrism and did not notice anyone around. He was nelaskov with his grandmother and disparaged with friends. And only the threat, hanging over all the villagers, helped the boy feel responsibility for the fate of other people. When the guys came to the aid of the sullen and incredulous Filka, they melted not only the river, but also its icy heart. Therefore, the summer wind blew over the Beregovka before the boy reconciled with his horse.
The role of nature in the work
In the story "Warm bread"( Paustovsky), the analysis of which is presented in this article, the powerful forces of nature play an important role. At the very beginning of the work it is told that the winter in the village was warm, the snow melted, not reaching the ground, and the river near the mill did not freeze. The weather was warm in Berezhki, as long as they fed and grieved the wounded horse. However, Filki's harsh words and his bad behavior caused a great anger in nature. Instantly, the fierce cold came, which tied the river and deprived people of hope for food. The boy had to overcome first the cold in his soul, then the cold in the street to atone for his guilt. And only when people all together went to the ice to save the village, blew a fresh summer breeze as a symbol of the spiritual revival of Filka.
The power of the word
A real Christian was KG Paustovsky. The stories of the writer are permeated with kindness and love for people. In the work "Warm bread" he showed how important it is to watch not only your actions, but also your words. Filka's fierce phrase, which rang in the air, made everyone froze around, because the boy, without realizing it, committed a terrible evil. After all, it is from human callousness and indifference that the most serious crimes arise, which, with the other attitude, could be prevented. To apologize to the offended horse, Filka did not need words, he actually proved that he repented of his own actions. And the boy's sincere tears finally redeemed his guilt - now he will never dare to be cruel and indifferent.
Real and fabulous
Paustovsky Konstantin Georgievich skillfully combined in his creations fabulous and real motifs. For example, in "Warm bread" there are ordinary heroes: Pankrat, Filka, his grandmother, the rest of the villagers. And invented: forty, the forces of nature. The events that occur in the work can also be divided into real and fabulous. For example, in the fact that Filka offended the horse, he asked Pankrat how to fix what he had done, along with the children he chopped ice on the river and reconciled with the animal, there is nothing unusual. But the magpie, which leads the summer wind, and the cold, comprehended the village at the call of the angry horse, clearly beat out of the ordinary life. All the events in the work organically intertwined, creating a single picture. Thanks to this "warm bread" can be called a fairy tale, and an instructive story at the same time.
Folkloric motives are actively used in his work Paustovsky."Warm bread", the content of which is saturated with ancient words and expressions, confirms this. The significance of many archaisms to modern children is not familiar. For example, christians in Russia called people begging for alms. This word was never considered insulting, everyone presented to the needy as much as he could. However, in the story it acquires a negative connotation, because Filka offended the wounded horse, actually calling him a beggar.
Other archaisms are often used in the story: "cap", "battle", "withered", "nashodil", "treuh", "yar", "sedokori" and others. They give the product a special flavor, bring it closer to folk fairy-tale motifs.
Sin and repentance
For bad deeds you need to be responsible. This is said in his story Paustovsky."Warm bread," whose heroes were able to defeat the cold, testifies that they coped with the cold that reigned in the soul of the little boy. At first, Filka was simply frightened, but did not realize the depth of his guilt. The grandmother of the boy probably guessed what had happened, but did not scold him, but told him an instructive tale, because the child had to realize his own mistake. Pankrat taught Filka another lesson - he forced him to come up with a way out of the situation. Only sincere repentance and hard work the boy managed to win the forgiveness of the higher forces. Good once again conquered evil, and the thawed child of the child warmed with its warmth the smell of fresh bread.
World literature knows a lot of stories with a fascinating plot and an instructive end. One of them was invented by Paustovsky( "Warm bread").Reviews of this work show that Konstantin Georgievich succeeded in touching the hearts of his small readers and bringing to them important concepts about charity, love for one's neighbor and responsibility. In an accessible form, the writer described the consequences to which unreasonable actions and insulting words can lead. After all, the protagonist of the story did not want to harm anyone, but made a serious mistake. At the very end of the narrative it is said that Filka is a boy who is not evil, and sincerely repents of his actions. And the ability to recognize one's mistakes and bear responsibility for them is one of the most important human qualities.