Neurodermatitis, the symptoms of which are manifested as chronic itching and scratching, is a dermatological disease. Due to constant exposure, the skin becomes thick and rough, acquires a brownish hue.
Neurodermatitis: symptoms, treatment, causes
Symptoms of the disease
Neurodermatitis manifests itself as a stable localized itching, which can not be eliminated by combing. On the affected area, small, hard papules of a reddish hue form, which lead to superficial densification of the skin. Most often, such areas as the back of the neck, the extensor sides of the shins and forearms, the sacral and genital areas are involved. Physical activity or stress can lead to deterioration or even the resumption of the disease.
Neurodermatitis, whose symptoms are characterized by an endless change of itching and scratching, occurs according to the following pattern:
- It can begin because of something that irritates or scratches the skin, for example due to clothing.
- Such an effect provokes a person to rub or scratch a certain area. Constant scratching causes coarsening of the tissues.
- The sealed skin begins to itch, causing it to scratch even more, which leads to further thickening.
- The affected area can expand rapidly over the entire surface of the body.
The exact cause of the disease remains unidentified. It can be associated with both atopic dermatitis and with psychological disorders. In this case it is a question of increased excitability of the nervous system, anxiety, depression or other diseases. Often, signs of neurodermatitis occur in children who constantly scratch the marks from insect bites. The fact remains that scratching, designed to relieve the itching, only worsens the condition and increases the feeling of discomfort.
Since neurodermis is a process moving in a circle, and its causes are not fully understood, it is necessary to apply long-term treatment. It should be noted that the disorder showed resistance to various types of therapy. Treatment is performed with ointments containing cortisone, which are often used in the form of occlusive dressings. Against itching, you can use antihistamines and steroid creams( for example, "Betamethasone").The neurodermite, the symptoms of which cause a constant feeling of discomfort, is also effectively treated with phytotherapy.
A person with a similar disorder should try to cover as often as possible the affected area with clothing, since sunlight and fresh air have a beneficial effect on recovery. In addition, do not once again irritate the skin without the need, for example with hard jaws or flavored gels for washing. Even if once you completely cured the neurodermatitis, the symptoms of the disease are likely to appear in the same place in 6-12 months. Since the disorder can lead to significant inconveniences in daily life, the patient is also recommended to undergo psychosomatic treatment.