An infarct is a formidable manifestation of coronary heart disease, in which as a result of a violation of the blood supply, one or more parts of the myocardium die. The formed scar does not resolve.
Symptoms of an infarct in men can be ambiguous, so often the disease leads to a fatal outcome. If once only men of advanced age were exposed to this condition, then even the 30-year-olds are at risk in the risk zone.
The disease is insidious in that it may not last for a long time. Explicit signs of a heart attack in men may be absent, and going to the doctor is often untimely. Therefore, it is necessary to know the symptoms that speak of impending danger. This will preserve health and even life.
Should be alert for the appearance of shortness of breath, weakness, dizziness, a sense of lack of air, a sudden increase in pressure. The person throws in cold sweat, his skin turns blue, his pulse becomes faster, acute pains appear in the chest, which lasts more than 10 minutes. In th
If a person has a sharp pain in the heart, you need to give him a tablet of nitroglycerin and call an ambulance. After six minutes, the medicine is given again if the pain does not abate. Taking medications that lower blood pressure, in the presence of symptoms of a heart attack is unacceptable.
Acute myocardial infarction occurs when the lumen of one of the arteries is completely blocked, which supplies the heart with blood. Complications, severe and sudden, often lead to death. The sooner a person is taken to a hospital, the more effective the treatment will be.
Acute myocardial infarction is characterized by intense burning or pressing pains in the chest, which can radiate to the left shoulder, arm, lower jaw. The person throws in cold sweat, there is a giddiness, a nausea, sensation of pavor. The pain lasts longer than 40 minutes, can stop and arise again in a quarter of an hour. Seek medical attention if you have these symptoms immediately.
Often the development of the disease occurs slowly, with manifestations not characteristic of a heart attack. The person begins to treat completely different diseases, missing valuable time. Atypical signs of a heart attack in men can be manifested by toothache on the left side of the jaw, pain in the neck, left arm or leg, suffocation attacks, a slight increase in temperature without other signs of a cold, pale skin, sticky cold sweat, vomiting, heartburn.
The development of the disease can last from several days to several weeks. Symptoms of a heart attack in a man may not be present constantly, periodically appearing and disappearing. If a heart attack occurs against a background of diabetes, the symptoms may be absent altogether. In this case, the patient feels only weakness, anxiety, depression.
Therefore, if any warning signs appear, you should contact your doctor for an examination.
What Binds Heart Attack
An approaching myocardial infarction can be recognized by some signs that occur shortly before the onset of an attack. Care should be the appearance of pain in various parts of the body, especially on the left side, as well as toothache and pain in the jaw. Unpleasant sensations can last for 15-30 minutes, after which they pass.
May cause breathing problems. The patient feels a bubbling in the chest, there is a shortage of air, the inability to breathe in full. So the asthmatic heart attack shows itself.
Another sign is a jump in body temperature to 39-40 ° C. The person throws into sweat, the skin turns pale, the condition is accompanied by weakness and dizziness.
On the part of the digestive system, various disorders are also possible: nausea, vomiting, heartburn, abdominal pain. Such signs of a heart attack in men require immediate medical attention.
What causes the disease
The most common cause of this condition is the impaired blood circulation in the coronary vessels, the cause of which can be atherosclerosis. Plaques lead to deformation of the walls of the vessels or their destruction, there is thrombosis, vasospasm. With a shortage of oxygen and nutrients, parts of the heart muscle die.
Factors that contribute to the occurrence of a heart attack are heredity, high cholesterol, tobacco smoking, overweight, hypertension, diabetes, sedentary lifestyle, abundance of fatty foods in the diet, stress, old age. The risk of a heart attack increases when there are several factors at once.
If you experience symptoms of a heart attack in a man, you need to react immediately. First you should take one or two tablets of nitroglycerin and call an ambulance.
Validol should not be taken, it will not help in this case. During an attack, there is a sharp increase in blood pressure, it can not be reduced by yourself. Allowed only aspirin( half a pill).
The main method of studying the disease is electrocardiography. With the help of ECG, you can determine where necrotic lesions are localized, estimate their volumes, determine how long the process lasts. To get a more complete picture, the ECG is performed every 30 minutes. After reconciling the indicators, an accurate diagnosis is established and treatment is prescribed.
Be sure to conduct a biochemical blood test. The appearance in it of special markers is a sign of a deadly organ damage.
An auxiliary research method is echocardiography, which helps to clarify some details. With the help of this study, cardiac ischemia, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction are detected.
A complicated form of the disease leads to stagnation in the lungs, which is diagnosed by X-ray examination.
What threatens the disease?
The consequences of a heart attack can be different. Not always complications are severe - often the patient does not immediately find out about the violations of the heart. A man can carry the first heart attack on his legs without consulting the doctor, because the pain arises unexpectedly and also passes. Therefore, a person can learn that he has had a heart attack, only during a diagnostic examination, and also after a relapse of an attack occurs.
However, the disease should not be taken lightly. A person can die within a day, or even a few hours after the onset of an attack. Some people die in a few months. If timely medical care has been provided, a person can return to normal life.
It is possible to repeat an infarction that occurs after which new scars form, which prevents the normal functioning of the heart.
The physiological and psychological consequences of a heart attack are possible.
A person may have angina attacks during exercise and at rest. This can lead to a re-attack, so you need to visit a cardiologist who will prescribe the necessary treatment.
The consequences of a heart attack can also affect the state of the nervous system. The patient is dominated by negative emotions, depression and other mental disorders can develop. A person begins to fear for their health, men can become aggressive. In this case, a qualified psychologist will help.
Dysfunction in the heart leads to a decrease in working capacity. Many people are unable to do heavy physical work, it provokes painful sensations in the chest, shortness of breath and weakness. A person who has had a heart attack needs to limit physical activity, sometimes it is beneficial to change the nature of the activity. The recovery period can last for several weeks, and for several years.
More severe consequences are the development of heart failure, pericarditis, pulmonary edema, vascular thrombosis, ischemic stroke, heart rupture.
Therefore, the faster a person was provided with qualified medical care, the higher the chances of keeping his health and life.