Systemic disease of the brain: diagnosis, treatment, recommendations

The girl closed her eyes from a headache Any brain disease is very dangerous for a person, because it carries with it the threat of disability and even death. If we talk about such a serious condition as discirculatory encephalopathy of the 2nd degree, then doctors usually give a disappointing prognosis. With its further development, symptoms such as decreased intelligence, loss of control over human behavior, and seizures of the epileptic type appear.

Completely get rid of the disease is impossible, but timely treatment can eliminate its dangerous manifestations, prevent progression and restore normal life.

Contents of

  • Causes of development of
    • Causes of development of
    • Diagnosis of
    • Symptoms of disease
    • Methods of supporting the body

Causes of development of

Atherosclerotic brain encephalopathy Circulatory encephalopathy never occurs on its own - it is only a complication of other diseases. Doctors say that a person's disability is also a consequence of the initially developing syndromes, and not of that state of health. T

he most frequent manifestation of atherosclerotic encephalopathy, which has a fairly long flow with a gradual deterioration of the patient's health, even against intensive treatment.

Often, symptoms of hypertension also pass into encephalopathy - in this case, doctors usually give a positive prognosis with the possibility of a significant improvement in the state of health if the treatment was prescribed in a timely manner. If a person has a combination of atherosclerosis and hypertension, this results in dyscirculatory encephalopathy with a probability of 90%.In this case, they talk about the disease of mixed genesis - its diagnosis and treatment are usually difficult.

In addition to these diseases, in encephalopathy may develop:

  • systemic changes in connective tissues;
  • severe blood diseases;
  • vasculitis( inflammation of blood vessels);
  • venous congestion of blood in the brain;
  • vegetative dystonia;
  • hemodynamic disorders.

Regardless of the genesis of dyscirculatory encephalopathy, it manifests itself identically. These diseases cause the oxygen starvation of the brain, followed by the destruction of its cells and pathological changes. There are severe irreversible symptoms that encourage a person to see a doctor. It is clear that people will not be able to get rid of such a condition with the help of emergency qualified help.

Diagnosis

If to speak about the second stage of the disease, then it will be easy to diagnose a person.

Very often symptoms can be literally read through the person's face, revealing its asymmetry, caused by partial paralysis of the muscles.

Often the natural reflexes of a person fade out, and they are replaced by pathological ones, for example, photophobia or twitching of limbs. With the deep development of the second stage of discirculatory encephalopathy, the limbs can be partially or completely paralyzed.

In case of a complex disease, remission can occur, characterized by the restoration of mobility - this causes a unique combination of processes occurring in the vessels of the human head.

A girl is sitting on the bed holding her head Disability can be caused by ischemic attacks, which are characterized by temporary immobilization, loss of coordination for several hours, confusion or lack of consciousness. Despite the fact that these attacks are transient, that is, incoming, often recurring symptoms can cause the complete destruction of a specific area of ​​the brain.

Very important is the examination of the fundus, which allows you to see the characteristic for encephalopathy of the veins and the simultaneous narrowing of the arteries.

To prescribe treatment, doctors send patients with presumptive dyscirculatory encephalopathy for a comprehensive examination. The main method of diagnosis is computed tomography( CT), which clearly shows pathetic changes in the white body of the brain. These foci with reduced density of tissue in the second stage are usually grouped around the ventricles and large furrows of the organ.

Another way to find the symptoms of discirculatory encephalopathy is a specific study called the rheoencephalography .In its results, pathological changes that repeat the clinical picture of atherosclerosis and hypertension are very clearly traced.

Flasks with blood tests Treatment may also be administered after a comprehensive blood test. With discirculatory encephalopathy, condensation is detected in it, aggregation( appearance of clots) of erythrocytes and platelets is observed. According to the results of the biochemical study, one can see a decrease in the amount of high-density lipids and an increase in the volume of substances of low and extremely low density.

If the doctor sees all the signs of discirculatory encephalopathy, he must take urgent measures to prevent the patient from disabling.

Signs of the disease

Symptoms of dyscirculatory encephalopathy may not be so obvious. Approximately half of people transient ischemic attacks are manifested only with the deep development of the second stage.

In such cases, the disease can be taken for chronic fatigue, as it is expressed in:

  • headaches;
  • noise in the head;
  • insomnia;
  • strong dizziness;
  • irritability;
  • depressive states.

However, its distinctive feature is the decrease in the quality of nonspecific memory. Unlike conventional sclerosis, a person retains all the professional knowledge and can perform his work without the slightest problems, but becomes incredibly absent-minded in everyday life.

Methods of supporting the body

The doctor is studying pictures of the brain It has already been said that the complete healing of a person in this state is simply impossible. However, treatment can halt irreversible processes and prolong the period of normal vital activity for months and years. It will not work out with folk remedies, since it is most important to eliminate arterial hypertension. Methods of treatment should be chosen by a doctor who prescribes drugs to control blood pressure, adrenoblockers and diuretics.

Patients with discirculatory encephalopathy are not allowed to drink alcohol, smoke, exercise and exercise significant physical activity in order to avoid an ischemic attack.

For the correction of the lipid spectrum of blood, a number of drugs are prescribed that control the production of enzymes and bile acids. Most often, doctors prescribe with dyscirculatory encephalopathy statins, which help to normalize metabolic processes. If there is a risk of complete stenosis( closure) of the vessels, surgical intervention is indicated.

We should not forget about the blood supply to the brain. Here, it is also impossible to be treated with folk remedies, since the doses of drugs should be strictly controlled by a qualified specialist. Such a condition as discirculatory encephalopathy is eliminated with the help of antihypoxic drugs - most often glutamic acid acts as such a drug.

It is very important to start treatment with nootropics in a timely manner - these drugs allow you to postpone the onset of mental symptoms and memory loss.

However, disability is an inevitable consequence of discirculatory encephalopathy. As a rule, the first two stages last 5 years in the absence of treatment or 10-15 years with professional help to the patient. The third stage always takes about 4-5 years, because treatment can only reduce the severity of the manifestation of symptoms. The end result is complete dementia, followed by a rapid fatal outcome, caused by the destruction of vital parts of the human brain.

Badge for the disabled In the second stage of discirculatory encephalopathy, patients are forbidden to physically work hard, and also perform processes that require good coordination and rapid decision-making. In addition, they can not be operated at high temperature or high pressure. For patients, a special working regimen with rest every 30-40 minutes is appointed, which prevents loss of coordination. At the third stage of the disease a person is assigned a disability group, as he becomes completely disabled.